What is insomnia and what are its complications?

Insomnia is a disorder in which a person cannot sleep enough and deeply at night and wakes up frequently during the night or even does not fall asleep at all. There are many issues and topics regarding the causes of insomnia, but the most important cause of insomnia can be considered stress and anxiety. Other reasons for lack of sleep include insecurity, fear of loneliness, depression, caffeine consumption, and respiratory apnea. 

From the medical point of view, insomnia is not considered a disease, but it can be considered a serious symptom of a disease.

Antidepressants and sleeping pills can be used for the temporary treatment of insomnia, but the definitive treatment of insomnia is actually the treatment of stress and anxiety and emptying the brain of them.

Recently, according to the analysis of the behavior and habits of different groups of people in different countries and different age groups, as well as the investigation of different groups of people who suffer from insomnia, they have come to the conclusion that the use of the phone, due to the existence of software such as social networks and Messengers are one of the influential factors in insomnia. These software, especially when used on a cell phone and go to bed with the user, disrupt the focus before sleep so that the body needs to wake up again almost immediately after receiving or sending a message. It takes about 30 minutes to return to the concentration necessary for sleep. Due to its repetition and taking into account that social networks are available everywhere in the world and do not have a lot of downtime and costs, this issue has become one of the factors of insomnia in today’s era.

Insomnia can be divided into three types:

1. Transient insomnia that usually lasts up to 1 week.

2. Acute insomnia that affects the person from 3 weeks to 6 months.

3. Chronic insomnia that accompanies a person for more than a year.

Complications of insomnia include depression, immune system weakness, nervous system disorders, serious damage to social relationships, and increased incidence of cancer.

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